JSF & Highcharts (Javascript Chart Library)

Since a while, I've been interested and looking out for technologies related to web-based visualization techniques/tools/frameworks/libraries...not the image rendering techniques, but the dynamic and interactive ones. Lately, I've been researching into Javascript Chart Libraries, as I was planning to work on some pet projects and also implement it in one of my work projects. After the resurrection of AJAX techniques and with all the Javascript frameworks that are available, we have a good number of options to generate dynamic and interactive charts/graphs. Among all the libraries, I found Highcharts to be the best and the most suitable charting library for my projects. Also, I took a special interest in Highcharts after seeing the way it's implemented on Stackoverflow.com's User Reputation Graph page.

To understand how it works, I worked on a sample project which displays JVM's Heap memory usage, in a chart generated by Highcharts Javascript framework. Below are the technical details of this demo project:

Technology Stack: Java, JSF, Facelets, Maven, Richfaces, Gson, Highcharts

This web application 'polls' the server every 5 seconds (This configuration can be changed) and asks for heap memory usage statistics, gets back the data in JSON format, which is then used by the Highcharts, to generate and display the chart. Google's Gson framework is used to convert Java objects into JSON format.

Below is the Sample Javascript code for Highcharts, for generating the chart:

Here are other jsFiddle links for this script:

1) jsFiddle Link
2) jsFiddle - Result

Below is the code for XHTML file, which is the home page for this application, where the chart is displayed:




Below is the code for Series.java class, which holds the 'series' data for Highcharts' chart data:

import java.util.List;

 * @author Babji Prashanth, Chetty
public class Series {
    private String name;
    private List<Long> data;

    public Series() {}

    public Series(String name, List<Long> data) {
        this.name = name;
        this.data = data;

Below is the code for ChartController.java. This contains the server side running code, which is polled from the client side, to get JVM's heap memory usage statistics:

package com.bchetty.charts.controller;

import com.bchetty.charts.model.Series;
import com.google.gson.Gson;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;

 * Chart Controller
 * @author Babji Prashanth, Chetty
public class ChartController {
    private String chartData;
    private String categories;
    private List<String> categoryList = new ArrayList<String>();
    private List<Long> heapSizeList = new ArrayList<Long>();
    private List<Long> usedHeapSizeList = new ArrayList<Long>();
    SimpleDateFormat sdfDate = new SimpleDateFormat("HH:mm:ss");//dd/MM/yyyy
    private static final long MB = 1024*1024;
    int index = 0;
    private Long[] longs;
     * Load Chart Data
    public void loadChartData() {
        if(heapSizeList.size() > 10) {
        List<Series> series = new ArrayList<Series>();
        long heapSize = Runtime.getRuntime().maxMemory();
        usedHeapSizeList.add((heapSize - Runtime.getRuntime().freeMemory())/MB);
        series.add(new Series("Heap Size", heapSizeList));
        series.add(new Series("Used Heap", usedHeapSizeList));

        setChartData(new Gson().toJson(series));
        categoryList.add(sdfDate.format(new Date()));
        setCategories(new Gson().toJson(categoryList));

     * @return the chartData
    public String getChartData() {
        return chartData;

     * @param chartData the chartData to set
    public void setChartData(String chartData) {
        this.chartData = chartData;

     * @return the categories
    public String getCategories() {
        return categories;
     * @param categories the categories to set
    public void setCategories(String categories) {
        this.categories = categories;
    private void malloc() {
        if(index%2 == 0) {
            longs = new Long[100000];
            for(int i=0;i<1000;i++) {
                longs[i] = Long.valueOf(i);
        } else {
            longs = null;

As you see in the above code, the heap memory usage is calculated and stored in Series objects, which is then deserialized into JSON format, for further use by Highcharts framework on the client side. Also, note that apart from 'Series' data, 'categories' data used on the X-Axis of chart, is also dynamically provided, by calculating time data (HH:MM:SS format) and converting it into JSON format.

All source code for this project is available in my Github Repository: richCharts Github Repo (Feel free to clone or fork it).

Below is a video, which shows the demo project in action (JVM's Heap Memory Usage):